The use of cannabis and cannabinoids is growing in the U.S. and hemp seed oil around the world, with many interested in taking advantage of the benefits of cannabinoids. However, some curious individuals are hesitant to use cannabinoids because of marijuana’s potential intoxicating psychoactive effects. If you are someone who is reluctant to use cannabis products because you do not want to experience psychoactive side effects, consider CBD products instead. Many people might think that CBD comes from marijuana plants, and while it can be produced by cannabis plants, most CBD oil comes from the hemp plant. The hemp plant contains little to no THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the active ingredient in marijuana.

As THC activates CB1 receptors in the pain-control area of the brain, it acts as an antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective benefits. Rats, given both CBD and THC, had normal levels of ERK activity, behaved less anxious, and seemed quite happy to spend time at front and center in their cages. Even though it’s hard to apply results from a rat study to humans, it helps to understand the unique interaction between these chemicals.

The native network of cannabinoid receptors and transmitters described by Howlett and Mechoulam is now known as the endocannabinoid system. It’s central to homeostatic regulation, that is, how the body maintains, and returns to, its baseline state after being disturbed.

The two cannabinoids share many similarities, as they both interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), a network of receptors found in the human brain, which help to maintain vital body functions. As both CBD and THC are chemically similar to the endocannabinoids found in the human body, they interact with your cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors.

Cannabis pollination causes a plant’s flowers — its buds — to set seed and stop making cannabinoids. Hemp seeds and their oils have essentially zero cannabinoids and are only considered illegal if THC residue lands on them. Both THC and CBD are members of a chemical family called cannabinoids.